GLOSSARY
WHAT IS A BURNED BALSA WOOD PRINT?

A BURNED BALSA WOOD PRINT is a relief process that uses a very hot wood-burning tool to cut through thin sheets of balsa wood. (Other techniques may use a knife, saw, or gouge, to do the cutting). The burned out shapes are then adhered to a substrate creating a plate to be inked and printed. It is best not to breathe in the smoke that is produced from the burning balsa wood!

WHAT IS A BURNED MASONITE PRINT?

A BURNED MASONITE PRINT is a relief process, using a hot wood burning tool applied directly to a sheet of masonite to make the plate. The surface of the masonite blisters up creating a relief texture suitable for roller inking and printing. Different kinds of masonite react differently. It is best not to breathe in the smoke that is produced from the burning masonite!

WHAT IS A COLLAGE?

A COLLAGE is a combination of various flat materials such as photographs, paper, cloth, leather, etc. to create a work of art. Also referred to as a Montage.

WHAT IS AN EMBOSSED PRINT?

An EMBOSSED PRINT is a relief impression that is taken from a plate, with or without using ink. An embossed print without ink is called a “Blind Embossing”.

WHAT IS A GROUND?

A GROUND is a substance applied to a metal printing plate that is impervious to rust or acid.

WHAT IS A MONOPRINT?

The terms monoprint and monotype are often used interchangeably, but they are not the same. A MONOPRINT is a print made by applying ink or paint to a fixed-image plate that is run through a printing press under pressure. The same plate can be used many times to create a series of unique prints all from the same original design. While a monoprint plate will never produce a true print edition where every print is virtually identical within a print run it will however, produce a similar series of rich, original prints.

WHAT IS A MONOTYPE?

A MONOTYPE is a finger or brush painting on a smooth, flat plate usually made of metal, plastic, plexiglas, or other nonabsorbent surface, that is run through a printing press under pressure. Only one print can be made, a monotype has no fixed image plate.

WHAT IS A RUBBERCUT PRINT?

A RUBBERCUT is a relief printing process that uses pieces of flat sheet rubber to construct the

printing plate. Different types of sheet materials, such as gasket rubber and girdle rubber, have different textures that are transferred to the paper when the plate is inked and run through a printing press.

WHAT IS A RUST PRINT?

A RUST PRINT is a type of monoprint that uses rust as the transferable pigment rather than ink or paint. Rust (Iron Oxide) has long been known for it's beautiful range of rich colors, tints, chemical stability, and light fastness.

The printing plate is made by attaching pieces of steel or iron onto a non-rustable substrate or by working directly on a sheet of steel with a ground to create the design. The metal is then encouraged to rust by exposing it over a period of time to a moist environment of water, salt, or acid.

The rust pigment is not applied to the printing surface of the plate. It comes out of the printing surface and is of the printing surface material. This is unlike screen printing, intaglio, relief or planographic processes where the pigment is rolled onto a plate or squeegeed through a stencil.

After the plate has developed a coating of rust on its metal areas, it is covered with a sheet of paper and clamped under pressure in a stationary press for a period of time. The rust pigment will transfer from the metal design onto the paper. Rust prints can be produced in a series as well as in different states. The five variables that affect the final look of these prints are; Metal, Moisture, Paper, Pressure and Time.

This form of monoprint is in a class by itself but connected to both the traditional techniques of relief and intaglio printing.

WHAT IS A STATE?

A STATE is any stage in the development of the printing plate that changes the printed image. For example, if a plate is made with two marks and printed, that is “State One”. If another mark is added to that same plate and printed, the second print would be “State Two” and should be noted accordingly as part of the title.

WHAT IS A STATIONARY PRESS?

A STATIONARY PRESS is a printing press that does not have rollers and applies pressure vertically like a clamp, or a bookbinding press.

WHAT IS A WOODCUT PRINT?

A WOODCUT PRINT is a relief printing process using a flat piece of wood that has a design carved into it’s surface. This carved piece of wood is inked by the use of a rubber roller called a brayer that applies a layer of wet ink onto the uncarved relief portion of the plate. This inked piece of wood is run through a printing press under pressure, transferring the ink from the wood plate onto a piece of paper, creating the print.

WHAT ARE WORKS ON PAPER?

WORKS ON PAPER are any prints, drawings, paintings, rubbings, collages or photographs that are created on a flat piece of paper, cardboard, or any other paper based product.